jtrails by Marcus Roberts
Lincoln was, in the Middle Ages, one of the most important of the English Jewish communities.
In its heyday, in the late 12th century, it was second only to London in importance in both financial and population terms. It remained a prominent Jewish centre right up to the General Expulsion of the Jews in 1290. It had some notable scholars. Jews subsequently re-settled the City in very small numbers from the 18th century onwards. A new Jewish congregation was finally re-founded in 1992 Read More
About the Jewish Heritage Trail
Lincoln is exceptional because of its Jewish heritage: you will find no other place in the UK with as many surviving Medieval Jewish houses.
The three extant Jewish stone houses in Lincoln all have associations with leading Jewish financial and scholarly figures, such as Aaron of Lincoln and Rabbi Berechaiah of Nicole.
The earliest mention of a Jewish community in Lincoln was in 1159, originally brought to England by William the Conqueror as his ‘mobile bank’. The community here was second in importance only to London, remaining in the city until the Expulsion of the Jews from England in 1290.
There is a remarkable link between the city’s Christian and Jewish history - Bishop Hugh of Avalon was a hero to the community having saved it from the returning Crusaders in 1190 and been a benefactor of it all his life.
A Jewish community still exists today, the third on record after the Medieval community and a brief settlement in the 18th century, which meets in the historic Jew’s Court believed by some to be the original Medieval synagogue.
The legacy of the population, wealth, and scholarship of the Jews in Lincoln throughout history can still be seen today.